country instruments of peru
The third largest country in South America combines three world´s in one. Costa, Sierra and Selva, that is, coastal landscapes, mountain lands and tropical lowlands in the Amazon. Because of its nature, Peru is a unique destination. The mighty, snow-capped peaks of the Andes are not just for mountaineers. In the wild landscapes of the Andes you can observe the majestic condor and watch lamas and alpacas graze. The tropical north of Peru offers a contrasting contrast. The lush vegetation of the jungle invites you to a multi-day expedition. Just as impressive is a cruise on the longest river in the world. The jungle of the Amazon is home to a variety of animals in their natural environment: jaguars, snakes, monkeys, parrots, hummingbirds, frogs, piranhas and great catfish. With Incatrotter country information you are well prepared and can look forward to your Peru trip.
State and Government: Since 1980, Peru has been a presidential Republic. According to the 1993 Constitution, the President and the 130-member Parliament are democratically elected every five years. The choice has been has been in the system in Peru for 18 years.
Geography: Peru is the third largest country in South America and can be geographically divided into three parts: along the 2600 kilometer Pacific coast, a 10-18 kilometer desert strip containing fertile river oases. In the central mountainous region, the Sierra, there are several mountain ranges that reach altitudes up to 6500 meters. Intensive farming is carried out in the Andean region's valleys. The Amazon region in the north represents about 60 percent of the country's surface, but is very sparsely populated.
Population and religion: There are about 31.4 million people living in Peru. The majority of the Peruvians are at home in larger cities. In Lima alone, one third of Peru's population lives. In the Amazon Valley, however, only 11 percent live. The rapid growth in population and the increasing flow of land are rapidly driving urban cities and their slums. Catholicism is the main religion of the country at 80 percent. A further 12 per cent are committed to the Protestant faith, often mixing it with various elements of old natural religions. The high illiteracy rate has been drastically reduced in recent years. According to statistics, 93 percent of the population can now read and write.
Economy and tourism: Peru is one of the largest exporting countries of Gold, Silver, Copper, Zinc and Lead. Mining still accounts for over 60 per cent of the country's total exports. Other important export goods are oil, agricultural and fishery products. The main trading partners are South American neighbors and the USA. About a third of the workforce is employed in agriculture. On average, a Peruvian earns approximately 260 US $ per month. The official unemployment rate is about 7 percent. Tourism is becoming an increasingly important economic factor. The Inca city of Machu Picchu alone counts more than 2 million visitors from all over the world every year.
Incatrotter Country information at a glance:
- Has been a Presidential Republic since 1980
- Elections are every five years
- Third largest country in South America
- Divided into coastal region,Mountain landscape and tropical lowland
- 31,4 Million Habitants
- Main exporter of Gold, Silver, Copper , etc.
- Average wage: 260 US $
More travel tips & Info about Peru